White-Tailed Deer

 (Odocoileus virginianus)


STATUS: Native, “Least Concern”

DESCRIPTION: They can grow to be about 7 ft. tall and weigh up to 300 lbs.

DIET: They feed on a variety of vegetation, sticks, trees, shrubs, and plants.

HABITAT: Deserts, forests, swamps, and brushlands.

NOTES: . White-tailed deer communicate by whistling, snorting, wheezing, grunting, and through scent glands. Their scent glands are found in between the hooves, inner hind, and outer hind legs for mating and communication purposes. Predators are humans and coyotes. Males are the only ones to grow antlers, which are shed every winter. Every time a male deer sheds its antlers they grow back bigger and with more points. The male is called a buck, the female is a doe, and young are fawns. White-tailed Deer have been the state mammal of Illinois since 1980.

Photo Credits: Flickr user vladeb