North America Beaver

(Castor canadensis)


STATUS: Native, “Least Concern”

DESCRIPTION: They are the largest rodent in North America. They grow to be about 4 ft. in length (tail included) and weigh about 60 lbs.

DIET: Their diet consists of various kinds of bark and plants.

HABITAT: They live in lodges made from sticks grass, and mud that are usually in bodies of water, such as ponds.

NOTES: Beavers mark their territory with their castors, which are anal glands, that produce castoreum, a musky smelling liquid. Their prominent tails serve multiple purposes, some of which are fat storage, ruddering, and as a warning signal when slapped on water.

Photo Credit: Flickr user Erin