Fox Squirrel

(Sciurus niger)


STATUS: Native, Fox squirrels are abundant throughout, but protected in Illinois.

DESCRIPTION: Fox Squirrels are about 17-28 inches in length and weigh anywhere from 1 to 2.2 lb.

DIET: Fox Squirrels primarily feed on mast (acorns, nuts, etc.), tree buds, insects, tubers, bulbs, roots, bird eggs, seeds of pines and spring-fruiting trees, fungi , corn, soybeans, oats, wheat, and fruit.

HABITAT: Fox Squirrels will build leaf nests or live in tree dens in the woodlands.

NOTES: Largest of the tree squirrels. Fox Squirrels chatter, whine, scream, and even bark to communicate. They use their tail flick whilst standing to make the others feel inferior. Predators are hawks, owls, and snakes.

Photo Credits: Ingrid Taylar